5 Best Oral Contraceptive Pills in India: A Comprehensive Guide

Best Oral Contraceptive Pills in India

Contraceptives

Navigating the world of contraceptives can be overwhelming, especially when searching for the best oral contraceptive pills in India. It’s essential to make a well-informed decision that not only ensures effectiveness in preventing unwanted pregnancies but also prioritizes your overall health and well-being. With a plethora of contraceptive pill choices on the market, the process can seem overwhelming. This comprehensive guide aims to simplify this journey for you by providing detailed insights and information on the best oral contraceptive pills available in India. By delving into the specifics, benefits, and considerations of each option, we endeavor to equip you with the knowledge and confidence to select the most suitable contraceptive pill tailored to your individual needs, preferences, and health requirements.

What are Contraceptives?

Contraceptives are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy by interfering with the process of fertilization or implantation. They play a vital role in family planning and reproductive health, empowering individuals to make informed choices about when and if they want to have children.

contraceptives

Importance of Contraceptives:

  1. Pregnancy Planning: Contraceptives enable individuals to plan and space pregnancies according to their preferences, health considerations, and personal circumstances. This promotes better childbearing outcomes and overall family well-being.
  2. Women’s Empowerment: Access to contraceptives allows women to have control over their reproductive health and make informed decisions about their bodies, education, careers, and personal goals.
  3. Preventing Unwanted Pregnancies: Contraceptives significantly reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies, which can have numerous social, economic, and emotional implications for individuals and families.
  4. Improving Maternal and Child Health: Adequate spacing between pregnancies, facilitated by contraceptive use, can contribute to better maternal health and reduce the risks associated with closely spaced pregnancies.
  5. Preventing Abortions: By preventing unintended pregnancies, contraceptives play a crucial role in reducing the need for unsafe abortions and related health risks.

Types of Contraceptives:

  1. Barrier Methods:
    • Male Condoms: These are thin sheaths worn over the penis to prevent sperm from entering the vagina.
    • Female Condoms: These are pouches inserted into the vagina to prevent sperm from reaching the cervix.
    • Diaphragms and Cervical Caps: These are barrier devices that block sperm from entering the cervix.
  2. Intrauterine Devices (IUDs):
    • Copper IUDs: These devices release copper ions that interfere with sperm movement and prevent fertilization. They are effective for up to ten years.
    • Hormonal IUDs: These devices release progestin hormone, which thickens cervical mucus, thins the uterus lining, and occasionally inhibits ovulation. They can provide protection from 3 to 6 years, depending on the type.
  3. Emergency Contraceptive Pills:
    • These pills are used after unprotected sex or contraceptive failure to prevent pregnancy. They contain high doses of progestin or a combination of hormones and are most effective when taken within 72 hours after intercourse.
  4. Sterilization:
    • Tubal Ligation: A surgical procedure where the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut, preventing eggs from reaching the uterus.
    • Vasectomy: A surgical procedure where the vas deferens (tubes that transport sperm) are cut or sealed, preventing sperm from being released during ejaculation.
  5. Oral Contraceptives:
    • Combination Pills: These contain estrogen as well as progestin hormones. They work by preventing the release of eggs, thickening cervical mucus, and altering the uterus lining. Combination pills come in different variations, such as monophasic, biphasic, or triphasic.
    • Progestin-only Pills: Also known as mini-pills, these contain only progestin hormone. They predominantly work by thickening cervical mucus, thinning the uterus lining, and sometimes inhibiting ovulation.
types of contraceptives

Understanding Oral Contraceptives

Before delving into specific products, it’s pivotal to understand what oral contraceptives entail. Oral contraceptive pills are a form of hormonal birth control that prevent ovulation, which is the release of eggs from the ovaries. These pills are designed to prevent unwanted pregnancies by altering hormonal balances within the body. Most oral contraceptives contain a combination of estrogen and progestin, while some solely comprise progestin. The mechanism primarily inhibits ovulation, ensuring that no egg is released for fertilization. Oral contraceptive pills are a convenient, safe, and effective means to prevent unwanted pregnancies and are widely used by women across the globe.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Oral Contraceptives

When determining the best oral contraceptive pills in India, several factors warrant consideration:

  1. Hormonal Composition: Opting between combination pills (estrogen and progestin) or progestin-only pills hinges on individual health conditions and preferences.
  2. Side Effects: Each contraceptive pill may present distinct side effects. Understanding potential repercussions is paramount for informed decision-making.
  3. Brand Reputation: Prioritizing renowned brands with positive feedback ensures quality and efficacy.

Note : Explore our blog on What is sti? And its common Misperceptions


Top Oral Contraceptive Pills in India

1. Mankind’s Unwanted-21 Days

Description:

It is a contraceptive medicine that helps prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of an egg from the ovaries and thickening the fluid in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.

Composition:

It contains Ethinyl Estradiol (0.03mg) + Levonorgestrel (0.15mg) as its active ingredients. It should be taken as per your doctor’s advice.

How does it work?

You must start taking the pill on day one of your menstrual cycle and continue taking it for the entire month. Once the pack is finished, begin a fresh one. Take another tablet if you vomit within 4 hours of taking your dosage. If you miss a dose and are 12 hours late in taking it, use a condom during intercourse for 2 days. It is marketed by Mankind Pharma Ltd .

2. Cipla’s Ovral-L

Description:

It is a contraceptive medicine that helps prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of an egg from the ovaries and thickening the fluid in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.

Composition:

It contains Ethinyl Estradiol (0.03mg) + Levonorgestrel (0.15mg) as its active ingredients.

How does it work?

You should take it as prescribed by your physician. The pill must be taken for the entire month beginning on the first day of your menstrual cycle. Start with a fresh pack after the current one ends. Take another tablet if you throw up within four hours after taking the dose. Use a condom during sexual activity for two days if you missed your dose and you weren’t able to take it until twelve hours later. It is marketed by Cipla Ltd.

3. Lupin’s Novelon

Description:

It is a contraceptive medicine that helps prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of an egg from the ovaries and thickening the fluid in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.

Composition:

It contains Desogestrel (0.15mg) + Ethinyl Estradiol (0.03mg) as its active ingredients.

How does it work?

It should be taken in accordance with your doctor’s instructions. You must start taking the pill on day one of your menstrual cycle and continue taking it for the entire month. Once the pack is finished, begin a fresh one. Take another tablet if you vomit within 4 hours of taking your dosage. If you miss a dose and are 12 hours late in taking it, use a condom during intercourse for 2 days. It is marketed by Lupin Ltd. 

4. Glenmark’s Yasmin

Description:

It is a contraceptive medicine that helps prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of an egg from the ovaries and thickening the fluid in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.

Composition:

It contains Drospirenone (3mg) + Ethinyl Estradiol (0.03mg) as its active ingredients.

How does it work?

It should be taken as directed by your doctor. You must begin taking the pill on day one of your menstrual cycle and continue to do so for the entire month. When the pack is finished, begin a fresh one. If you vomit within 3-4 hours after taking your dose, take another tablet. If you miss your medication and are 12 hours late in taking the missed dose, use a condom during intercourse for 2 days. It is marketed by Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

5. Mala-D

Description:

It is a contraceptive medicine that helps prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of an egg from the ovaries and thickening the fluid in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.

Composition:

It contains Levonorgestrel (0.75mg) as its active ingredient.

How does it work?

It should be taken as directed by your doctor. The pill must be taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. If you vomit within 2 hours of taking your dose, take another tablet. It is marketed by HLL Lifecare Ltd .

Side effects:

side effects

Some common side effects of these oral contraceptives include nausea, headache, and breast soreness. If these trouble you or appear to be significant, consult your doctor. There might be techniques to reduce or prevent them. You may suffer spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods or skipped periods. Consult your doctor if this happens regularly or for an extended period of time. Inform your doctor if you develop swelling and pain in your limbs, shortness of breath, chest pain, or changes in eyesight, as these could be signs of a blood clot.

Here’s a table summarizing the typical and perfect use effectiveness of some oral contraceptives:

Oral ContraceptiveTypical Use EffectivenessPerfect Use Effectiveness
Mankind’s Unwanted-21 Days91%99%
Cipla’s Ovral-L91%99%
Lupin’s Novelon91%99%
Glenmark’s Yasmin91%99%
Mala-D85%95%
Please note that the effectiveness of different types of birth control methods can vary widely depending on whether they are used correctly and consistently, every single time.

Conclusion

Contraceptives are essential for family planning, empowering women, preventing unwanted pregnancies, and improving maternal and child health. Oral contraceptive pills are a convenient and effective way to prevent unwanted pregnancy.The quest for the best oral contraceptive pills in India necessitates judicious research, prioritizing individual health profiles and requirements. The listed options – Mankind’s Unwanted-21 Days, Cipla’s Ovral-L, Lupin’s Novelon, Glenmark’s Yasmin, and Mala-D are among the best oral contraceptive pills available in India. However, it is important to consult with a gynecologist before choosing a specific pill to ensure that it suits your individual needs and medical history. Remember, a doctor can guide you through the selection process and help you find the ideal oral contraceptive pill for your requirements.


Note : Explore our blog on STI vs STD


FAQs

What is Mankind’s Unwanted-21 Days used for?

It’s a pill that helps prevent pregnancy and can also make periods more regular while reducing pain.

How does Cipla’s Ovral-L help with periods?

Ovral-L not only prevents pregnancy but also can clear up acne and make irregular periods more regular.

What benefits does Lupin’s Novelon offer?

Apart from preventing pregnancy, Novelon can ease period cramps and keep your menstrual cycle consistent.

Does Glenmark’s Yasmin help with skin issues?

Yes, Glenmark’s Yasmin can help keep your skin clear, in addition to regulating periods.

What should I be cautious about when taking Mala-D?

While Mala-D helps with regular periods and reduces pain, some might experience breast tenderness or a slight risk of blood clots.

Can I get these contraceptives easily?

Yes, you can typically find these oral contraceptives at pharmacies across India. However, before beginning any drug, always consult with a healthcare practitioner.

How do I take these contraceptives?

Most of these pills require daily intake at a consistent time. It’s essential to follow the prescribed schedule for maximum effectiveness.

Are there any common side effects for these contraceptives?

Yes, common side effects might include nausea, breast tenderness, and a slight risk of blood clots.

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